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Tribunal Awards and the register


The Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines includes details of Tribunal Awards relating to individuals, companies and businesses where action has been taken to enforce the Award.

Registration of Tribunal Awards

Registry Trust Ltd (RTL) is contracted to the Ministry of Justice to maintain the statutory public Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines.

One section of this has, since 1st April 2009, included details of enforced Tribunal Awards relating to individuals, companies or businesses subject to a Tribunal decision as a result of which a sum of money is payable.

What's on the register

This section contains Awards from the First-tier Tribunals, the Upper Tribunals, Employment Tribunals or Employment Appeal Tribunals. Please note that not all Awards are entered onto the Register. Details of an Award are only added to the Register once steps have been taken in the High Court or County Court to enforce the Tribunal decision. The Register will then show the amount of the debt.

The types of Tribunals in the High Court or the Royal Courts of Justice are:

First Tier Tribunal – Transport
First Tier Tribunal – Care Standards
First Tier Tribunal – HM Land Registry
First Tier Tribunal – Charity
First Tier Tribunal – Gambling
First Tier Tribunal – Information
First Tier Tribunal – Social Security and Child Support
Upper Tribunal – Land
Upper Tribunal – Tax
Upper Tribunal – Administrative
 
The types of Tribunals in the County Court are:
Employment Tribunal
Employment Appeals Tribunal
First Tier Tribunal – Transport
First Tier Tribunal – Care Standards
First Tier Tribunal – HM Land Registry
First Tier Tribunal – Charity
First Tier Tribunal – Gambling
First Tier Tribunal – Information
First Tier Tribunal – Social Security and Child Support
Upper Tribunal – Land
Upper Tribunal – Tax
Upper Tribunal – Administrative
ACAS Settlements
ACAS Conditional Settlements

Unless the Award is set aside or reversed, or is cancelled because it was repaid within one calendar month of the date of registration, details of the Award will remain on the Register for a period of six years from the date of the Tribunal Award.

The information appearing on the Register includes:

• The name and address of the defendant.
• Details of the court and case number.
• The amount, and date of Award.
• Satisfaction details once RTL has been notified by the court.

Satisfying or removing an enforced Tribunal Award entry

The courts are required to notify RTL of any subsequent amendment to the Register, including when an enforced Award is satisfied or set aside.

Enforced Tribunal Awards are only removed if they were entered in error, paid before the court action or paid within one calendar month from the date of Award.

Amending the register

If a defendant feels that details of a registration are inaccurate, application should be made to RTL providing particulars of the Tribunal Award and stipulating the required amendment.

If a recent search of the Register has not been undertaken, the requisite search fee must be enclosed.

The query will be raised with the relevant court who will investigate and respond to RTL. Upon receipt of their response, the defendant will be advised and, if appropriate, the Register will be amended.

Who uses the information

Details of enforced Tribunal Awards held on the Register, and any subsequent amendments, may be passed to commercial organisations such as credit reference agencies and may then be supplied to credit grantors and others seeking information regarding an individual’s financial standing.

Public searches of the Tribunal Awards section of the Register can be made for yourself or others.

 

Employment Tribunal Fast Track Awards

In situations where an applicant has been successful at an Employment Tribunal but has not received the payment from the respondent, a fast track process to assist with enforcement came into effect on 6th April 2010.

 
From this date, as soon as a respondent has defaulted in payment of the Award an employee can complete an Enforcement Form and send this to Registry Trust Ltd (RTL) together with the documents mentioned on the Form. There is also a court fee of £66 (made payable to HM Courts and Tribunals Service) required which is added to the amount the respondent already owes.

RTL allocates a High Court Enforcement Officer to whom the documents are sent and the Officer will arrange for the issue of the writ of control and then attempt to recover the monies owed.

For further details about employment Tribunal Fast track and copies of the relevant forms please see direct.gov.uk.

For more information about High Court Enforcement Officers please see www.hceoa.org.uk .

Fines defaults and the register


The Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines includes details of fines defaults relating to individuals convicted in magistrates and crown courts in England & Wales.

Registration of fines defaults

Registry Trust Ltd (RTL) is contracted to the Ministry of Justice to maintain the statutory public Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines.

One section of this has, since April 2006, included details of Fines Defaults relating to individuals convicted in magistrates and crown courts in England & Wales.

What’s on the register

The court only registers a fine default following the offender’s failure to respond to a Further Steps Notice issued by the relevant court. At this point the Fines Officer at the court has the discretion to decide which of the range of enforcement options is appropriate to best recover the outstanding amount. If the officer chooses to add the default to the Register the registration will include all outstanding monies owed on the fine(s) including costs and compensation.

Defaulted fines are only entered onto the Register where the offender is an individual or a trading style.  The Register does not contain fines records against corporate bodies. 

Unless the conviction is set aside or reversed, or the fine is cancelled because it was repaid within one calendar month of the date of registration, details of the default will remain on the Register for a period of five years from the date of conviction.

The information appearing on the Register includes:

  • The name and address of the offender,
  • Details of the court and case number
  • The amount and date of registration.
  • Satisfaction details once RTL has been notified by the court.

At the time of registration, a letter is sent to the offender advising of the action taken, of the steps required to amend the Register and listing a court contact telephone number for any queries. 

Satisfying or removing a fines default entry

The amount must be paid into the court listed on the notification letter and if fully repaid within one calendar month from the date of the letter, the record can be removed from the Register. 

If the fine is fully repaid after one calendar month from the date of the notification letter, the entry will be marked as “satisfied” on the Register where it will remain for the statutory five year period. 

The offender can also apply to the court for a Certificate of Satisfaction or Cancellation, whichever is appropriate, enclosing the court fee of £15 (cheque/postal order payable to HMCTS).

Amending the register

If an offender feels that details of a registration are inaccurate, application should be made to RTL providing particulars of the Fine default and stipulating the required amendment.

If a recent search of the Register has not been undertaken, the requisite search fee must be enclosed.

The query will be raised with the relevant court who will investigate and respond to RTL. Upon receipt of their response, the offender will be advised and, if appropriate, the Register will be amended.

Who uses the information

Details of fines defaults held on the Register, and any subsequent amendments, may be passed to commercial organisations and may then be supplied to credit grantors and others seeking information regarding an individual’s financial standing. 

Public searches of the Fines section of the Register can be made for yourself or others.

Administration orders and the register


Known as a ‘mini-bankruptcy’, an Administration Order empowers the court to take over administration of the defendant’s debts, whilst an agreed regular amount is repaid.

Registration of Administration Orders

Registry Trust Ltd (RTL) is contracted to the Ministry of Justice to maintain the statutory public Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines for England & Wales, one section of which includes details of Administration Orders.

Any debtor, against whom at least one county court judgment is registered, can make application to the court for an Administration Order.

If granted, this provides protection from further action by creditors in respect of any debts listed under the Order.

Creditors not included in the Order cannot pursue their debts separately through the courts – if they try, these debts are automatically added to the Administration Order.

What’s on the register

All courts are required to provide details of Administration Orders against individuals for inclusion in the public register, which is kept by Registry Trust Ltd (RTL) on behalf of the Ministry of Justice.

The information on the register includes:

  • Court name and Order number
  • Name and address of defendant
  • Total amount payable
  • Date of Order
  • Date of Varied Order, Satisfaction or Revocation

When the register changes

The information on the register is updated when RTL are advised by the court.

Varying an administration order

This occurs when the amount of the debt agreed under the original Order has been changed by the addition of new creditors or when a composition order (debt reduced to % of £ owed) is made.

The courts must notify RTL and the Varied Order replaces the original one.  

Satisfying an administration order

When an Administration Order has been paid in full, the Court must notify RTL so that the Register can be amended. The defendant can also apply to the court for a certificate of satisfaction, available for a court fee of £15 (cheque/postal order payable to HMCTS).

Any county court judgment(s) included in the Order can only be marked as satisfied if the judgment is paid in full and, if required, a separate fee must be paid for any certificate of satisfaction.

Revoking an administration order

If the defendant does not make the regular payment ordered by the court, the arrangement under the Administration Order may be withdrawn and the Order is then revoked.

This releases creditors from the restrictions imposed and enables them to take further legal action – either obtaining a judgment where one does not already exist or making a bankruptcy application.

The court must notify RTL of the revocation so that the Register can be amended.

Setting aside

When an Administration Order is set aside by the court, or repaid within one calendar month, RTL must be notified so that the item can be removed from the Register.

If full payment is made within one month, the defendant can also apply to the court for a Certificate of Cancellation, available for a court fee of £15 (cheque/postal order payable to HMCTS).

The cancellation/setting aside of an Administration Order does not affect any county court judgment(s) included in that Order. 

Suspending an administration order

This occurs when the defendant is unable to continue payments for a period and where the reason for this is acceptable to the court. Registry Trust Ltd is not notified.

General information

Details of Administration Orders and any subsequent amendments are passed to the credit reference agencies for inclusion in their records, to be notified to lenders on receipt of a credit application, as an aid to responsible lending.

Public searches of the Administration Order section of the Register can be made for yourself or for others.

Corporate Administration Orders

Under the Insolvency Act 1986, an Administration Order may also be made against a limited company. Details of these administration Orders are notified to Companies House and are not held on this Register.

Child support agency (CSA) liability orders


The Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines includes Child Support Agency (CSA) Liability Orders.

Registration of CSA Liability Orders

Registry Trust Ltd (RTL) is contracted to the Ministry of Justice to maintain this statutory public Register, one section of which includes details of CSA Liability Orders.  

CSA Liability Orders normally relate to self-employed individuals as no Attachment of Earnings Order can be made in these cases to enforce a judgment.

Where it is believed that the individual could be paying maintenance, the CSA takes out a Liability Order in a Magistrates’ Court and, if the debtor is not willing to pay, the debt may be registered.

RTL is notified by one of the six CSA Offices in the UK.

What appears on the register

Details appearing on any search of the Register include:

  • The name and address of the debtor,
  • The date and amount of the debt,
  • The CSA Centre responsible for the information
  • Their CSA reference number. 

Information relating to CSA Liability Orders is not currently acquired by credit reference agencies.

When searching the Register there may be incomplete information or a slight variation in either the name or address (i.e. spelling). If so, the search reply may mark this as a possible match "*".

Updating the register

The register is kept up to date. However, it only shows the original amount of the Order and cannot be updated when part-payments are made.

Satisfaction

Once the debt has been paid in full, the relevant CSA Office notifies RTL and the item is updated to reflect this information.

When repaid outside one calendar month from the registration date, the item is marked as ‘satisfied’. Both satisfied and unsatisfied Orders are removed from the Register six years after the registration date.

Cancelling the order

If entered in error, paid before the court date, or paid in full within one calendar month of the registration date, RTL will be notified and the item is removed from the Register. 

Amending the order

If a debtor feels that details of a registration are inaccurate, application should be made to RTL, providing particulars of the Order and stating the requested amendment.

If a recent search of the Register has not been made, the requisite search fee must be enclosed.

A query will be raised with the relevant CSA office that will investigate and respond to RTL.

Upon receipt of their response, the debtor will be advised and, if appropriate, the Register will be amended.

CSA names and addresses

The names and addresses of the Child Support Agency offices are as follows:

  • Plymouth: Clearbrook House, Towerfield Drive, Bickleigh Down Business Park, Plymouth PL6 7TN
  • Birkenhead: 2 Weston Rd, Crewe, CW98 1BB
  • Dudley: 2 Weston Rd, Crewe, CW98 1BB
  • Hastings: Ashdown House, Sedlescombe Road North, St Leonards on Sea, East Sussex, TN37 7NL
  • Falkirk: Parklands, Callender Business Park, Callender Road, Falkirk, FK1 1XT
  • Belfast: The Great Northern Tower, 17 Great Victoria Street, Belfast BT2 7AD

The CSA Helpline telephone number is: 08457 133133 

CCJs and the register


The Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines includes details of CCJs.

Registration of CCJs 

Registry Trust Ltd (RTL) is contracted to the Ministry of Justice to maintain the statutory public Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines for England & Wales, one section of which includes details of county court judgments.

Most CCJs will appear on the register but there are some that don’t. To be capable of being registered the judgment must either have been issued in default (i.e a judgment without trial where no defence was entered) or else defended and payment is by instalment order or where enforcement action is being taken. (There are other conditions and exemptions and for the full list of criteria please refer to the latest statutory instrument relating to the Register of Judgments, Orders and Fines Regulations).

There’s lots more information on this site about CCJs in the Understanding judgments and fines section.

What’s on the CCJ register

For each entry

  • The name and address of the defendant,
  • The court and case number,
  • The date and amount of the judgment,
  • Satisfaction details once RTL has been notified by the court.

To improve data accuracy, the regulations require judgments registered against individuals to include, where known, the defendant’s date of birth.  A postcode must be provided unless leave of the court is obtained.

Unless set aside or cancelled, a judgment remains on the Register for a period of six years from its registration date.

The courts are required to notify RTL of any subsequent amendment to the Register, including when the judgment is satisfied or when a judgment is set aside.

Details of judgments, and any subsequent amendments, are sent to credit reference agencies, lenders will see them when you apply for credit.

Cancellation

Judgment registrations are only removed if they were entered in error, paid before the court action or paid within one calendar month from the date of judgment.

Amending a CCJ record

Defendants who feel that details of a registration are inaccurate, may apply to RTL, providing particulars of the judgment and stipulating the required amendment. If no up-to-date search of the relevant section of the Register has been undertaken, the requisite search fee must be enclosed.

The query will be raised with the court who will investigate and respond to RTL. Upon receipt of their response, any appropriate amendment will be made to the Register and the defendant advised.

The credit reference agencies will be notified of any satisfaction/cancellation or amendment and their records are normally updated within a week of the notification.

General information

The case number of the action must be quoted to the court when any query is raised, as the court will not be able to find the file without this information.

The Register does not contain details of the claimant. This information is available, to the defendant, from the relevant county court.

The Register only shows the original amount of the judgment and cannot be updated when part-payments are made.

RTL cannot be held responsible for information held by credit reference agencies as it has no jurisdiction over privately maintained records.  Debts in respect of poll tax or council tax are dealt with through the Magistrates Court, not the county courts in England and Wales.

Public searches of the CCJ section of the Register can be made for yourself of for others.

If the Register shows details of a judgment when there is incomplete information or a slight variation in either the name or address (i.e. spelling) the search reply may mark this as a possible match "*".

Defaults / bankruptcy orders / individual voluntary arrangements

Default and bankruptcy information is held by individual credit reference agencies and does not appear on this Register.  It should be noted, however, that judgment registrations are not affected by any discharge from bankruptcy.

Search yourself

  • Check What records of CCJs and other judgments are against your name?
  • Understand Why lenders might refuse you credit.
  • Update Have the registers been updated correctly?

 

Search yourself »

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